Technology Record - Issue 30: Autumn 2023

39 safety and security in connection with AI. Other governments are also examining the required governance for AI. Governments play a pivotal role in shaping the path forward for AI and Microsoft welcomes the opportunity to engage with them to advance innovative AI that benefits society as a whole. We believe that industry, academia, civil society and government must collaborate to advance the state of the art and learn from one another. Microsoft formed the Office of Responsible AI (ORA) to help put Microsoft’s AI principles into practice internally and to respond to evolving governance and regulatory policies. ORA’s public policy efforts involve helping to shape the new laws, norms and standards necessary to ensure that the potential of AI technology is realised for the benefit of society at large. We have gained valuable insights as we implemented our responsible AI practices and hope to help others, including governments and regulators, as they build their regulatory frameworks for the responsible use of AI. To end our first conversation on an optimistic note, can you share some examples of responsible AI that demonstrate its potential to do good? AI is a defining technology of our time, and we are optimistic about what it can and will do for people, industry and society. Microsoft believes AI can unlock solutions for the biggest challenges we face and has invested in an AI for Good initiative – that includes efforts around sustainability, accessibility and healthcare – for many years now. Additionally, with its AI for Good Lab, Microsoft brings together a team a group of world-class data scientists in Africa, South America, and North America who apply AI in addressing societal issues including humanitarian response, food security and conservation. For example, in partnership with Planet Labs, we have combined its high-quality satellite imagery with our AI tech to create Global Renewables Watch, mapping utility-scale solar and wind installations to evaluate the progress of every country’s transition to clean energy and track trends over time. In the Ukraine war the Lab has used AI to identify damage to critical systems and infrastructure in support of the International Criminal Court. In other projects, we have collaborated with world renown experts and non-profits like SEEDS and American Red Cross to assess risk to predict cyclone damage and heat wave impacts in India and identify building damage post natural disasters like the earthquakes in Turkey and Syria. Microsoft is using AI to monitor its emissions and use cleaner energy to power its data centres Image: Microsoft